Foot & Ankle

Learn all about the foot and ankle, which provides support and stability to the whole human body

About the Foot & Ankle

Providing support and stability to the whole body, most foot and ankle problems are caused by overuse and improper footwear, but can also be caused by arthritis and birth defects. The foot is a strong but delicate structure composed of 26 bones, 33 joints, 19 muscles, and 107 ligaments. Common foot problems include foot and ankle arthritis, diabetic foot problems, heel pain, bunions, and hammertoes.


At Arthritis & Sports, Dr. Sabina Malhotra treats a wide range of foot and ankle conditions. They each approach care in a conservative and preventative manner by using non-operative techniques, such as footwear modification education, physical therapy, or activity modification. In prolonged cases where non-operative techniques are unsuccessful, surgical options are then used to relieve pain.

Conditions Treated by Arthritis & Sports

  • Ankle Sprain

  • Bunions

  • Chronic Sprains and Instability

  • Congenital Malformations (Foot Birth Defects)

  • Diabetic Foot Problems

  • Foot and Ankle Arthritis

  • Foot and Ankle Fracture

  • Hammer Toe

  • Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Pain)

  • Sports-Related Injuries

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Turf Toe

Non-Surgical Treatments Provided by Arthritis & Sports

Surgical Procedures Performed by Arthritis & Sports

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Healing Aches and Pains (Without Surgery)

  • Bunion and Hammer Toe Repair

  • Diabetic Foot Surgery

  • Foot and Ankle Fusions

  • Foot Hardware Removal

  • Heel Surgery

  • Ligament Reconstruction

  • Reconstructive Surgery